Also Garowe has different structures like:-

–    Commercial Areas

–    Warehouses

–    Historical Settlements

–    Formal/Residential settlements

–    Informal/IDPs settlements

–    Industrial area

–    Public Buildings

–    Animal holding ground area

–    Free zone for investment


The city has widely grown after the collapse of the central government due to the displacement from southern Somalia, the expansion of the city has also increased after been recognized Puntland political city in 1998.

In 2012, UNHABITAT report estimated that Garowe population is around 40,000, a number that is likely to double in the next 10 to 15 years. The town has already shown a remarkable growth rate of 135 percent in only 5 years, which makes it one of the fastest-growing urban centres in Puntland. 

The main feature of the city is the good hierarchy of roads, which the elders, community key figures and sequenced government systems abled to protect the roads and to initiate new ones which the people are very satisfied of.

In town plan making, the Garowe local authority has the full power to map out the roads in the ground by the assistance for special security gunmen reports directly to the local authority.

Regardless these actions, local government did not prepare any desk plans, maps, master plans, site surveys for several reasons including but not limited to that they do not have the capacity to do it and there is no enforced regulations obliging them to do master planning and get approval for it.

Garowe is a growing and its rate of growth is the highest one comparing to the other Puntland, Somalia and Somaliland cities like Bosaso, K/kacyo, Qardho, Hargeysa and Moqdisho. Garowe city has two main Markets:-

  • Inji Market is the biggest market located Hodan Village
  • Fadhi wanag market in the down town
  • Maja Gorayo Market located H/wadag Village

The Garowe City has limited affordable services {Water, Electricity} and Job opportunities. The area can be seen some changes/extension are Southern part, that big warehouses being constructed by Businessmen


Garowe is at the intersection of three main commercial, high traffic corridors: the 130km Garowe-Laascanood, the 240km Garowe-Galkayo and the 410km Garowe- Bossaso (National Road). All of them are paved but, according to the Somalia Transport Sector Needs Assessment, only the latter is in fair condition however reaching the end of its design life. The Somalia Transport Sector Needs Assessment contains a detailed account of the road network condition and the strategic interventions needed.The poor state of the road hampers economic development as it affects transportation of goods to the markets- which reduces the districts’ ability to maximize potential for economic growth.

GIZ in collaboration with the Puntland High Authority (PHA) began rehabilitation works to the main Garowe-Galkayo road. In recent years, the UN-Habitat as well as ILO and other international organizations, have supported local road projects. Plans are also underway by the World Bank to construct 20km of tarmac roads as part of a Somalia Urban Investment Planning Project in an effort to enhance the economic development and urban mobility in the town.6

The National Road cuts the town into two sections. The growth of Garowe and its activities have transformed this

road from a mere transit route into the principal town road, where congestion affects the flow of both goods and people. Inside town there are only a few tarmac roads, but the overall structure is well planned and in good condition. There are no designated walkways, or parking spaces around businesses and as a result, vehicles share the streets with small vendors and pedestrians. In 2016, street lights were installed and have contributed to higher security and promotion of economic activities in the evening hours.


There is no government owned public transport system in Garowe. All the intra-city and inter-city transportation is privately owned. Taxis are available for people to use for transportation within the city. Located about 35km from Garowe, Conoco airstrip is currently the main aviation infrastructure of the capital. However, its unpaved runway and the great distance from town inhibits its operations.

A new airport, Garowe International Airport, is situated about 12km from the city centre. It features a paved runway, terminal, air traffic control tower, and lighting. It is currently being completed along the corridor towards Bossaso, just north of the city. The airport is expected to be operational as of January 2019.



The most urban area is formal as it is mixed, new building and the old town.  Like as the National governments own about 65per cent of building new are located mountains in the northern town and about 35 per cent of land in the 1st August Village.

Also Garowe City has informal settlements IDPs &refugees from south and central Somalia and Neighboring countries are located east City


Regarding land ownership, administration and management of land disputes are responsible by Garowe municipality and that isn’t differences then the other Puntland regions. Most of the land owned by private people and provide/authorize the private people through setting Procedures / Systems .Privet people owned only land that they have in a legal form/system.

Authorization documents and mostly is  located developed area.


Local government provides settlements to IDP   neighboring countries. Most of these are located in:

!  Jawle1and Jawle 2settlements,

!  Ajuran Campand

!  IDPs Jibagale Camp areas

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